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Cruise Missile

Overview of U.S. Air-Launched Cruise Missiles
Research by Valentina Bellafante, Los Alamos Study Group Disarmament Fellow

LRSO in the news • General information • Photos • Useful resources

Long-Range Standoff Weapon (LRSO) in the news

New Cruise Missiles to Cost $11 Billion, Arms Control Association, Sep 2, 2016

– Why America's Military Needs a New Nuclear-Armed Cruise Missile, The National Interest, Aug 10, 2016

SecAf James Defends GBSD, LRSO, Breaking Defense, Aug 4, 2016

Air Force seeks new land-based and air-launched nukes, Albuquerque Journal, Jul 29, 2016

Air Force releases request for proposal for the replacement to the nuclear air launched cruise missile, KAFB, Jul 29, 2016

White House Mulls Big Nuclear Policy Changes, and Lawmakers Speak Up, Defense News, Jul 26, 2016

Senators Urge Obama To Cancel Nuclear Cruise Missile, Defense News, Jul 21, 2016

Three Reasons Why the U.S. Needs a Replacement Nuclear Cruise Missile, Real Clear Defense, Jul 6, 2016

– Corker, McCain: Don't Quit On Nuke Modernization, Defense News, Jun 27, 2016

– After Nuclear Missile Loss, Dems Vow to Keep Fighting, Defense News, Jun 25, 2016

– New Nuclear Weapon’s Cost, Klotz, The New York Times, Jun 23, 2016

– A Nuclear Weapon That America Doesn’t Need, Feinstein & Tauscher, The New York Times, Jun 17, 2016

 Why the United States Needs an LRSO Capability, The Heritage Foundation, Jun 17, 2016

– America Already Has More Than Enough Nuclear Missiles, Foreign Policy, Jun 17, 2016

– Two US Nuke Programs Set to Advance, Defense News, Jun 16, 2016

– Nuclear Cruise Missile Survives Challenge in House, Defense News, Jun 16, 2016

 Analysts: It’s Time for a Reexamination of Nuclear Weapons Requirements, National Defense, National Defense, Jun 13, 2016

 Examining the Flawed Rationale for a New Nuclear Air-Launched Cruise Missile, Arms Control Association, Vol 8, Iss 2, Jun 12, 2016

– LRSO Does Not Make Sense, nor Do Its Proposed Numbers, Defense News, May 26, 2016

– Does the US Need Air-Launched, Nuclear-Armed Cruise Missiles?,, May 12, 2016

– On Cruise Missiles and White Elephants, War on the Rocks, May 9, 2016

– Kendall’s Telling Mistake on the LRSO, Union of Concerned Scientists, May 4, 2016

– Why America Needs the Lethal Long-Range Standoff Cruise Missile, National, Apr 18, 2016

– Cruise Control: Why the U.S. Should Not Buy a New Nuclear Air-Launched Cruise Missile, War on the Rocks, Mar 21, 2016

– Is the Pentagon's Budget About To Be Nuked?, Defense News, Feb 5, 2016

– A Nuclear Weapon the U.S. Doesn't Need, Bloomberg View, Feb 1, 2016

– Barack Obama’s administration, which began with a vision to get rid of nuclear weapons, has a trillion-dollar plan to renew them, The Economist, Jan 23, 2016

 Just How New is the New, Nuclear-armed Cruise Missile?, Union of Concerned Scientists, Jan 13, 2016

 Commentary: US Is More Secure Without New, Nuclear-armed Cruise Missile, Defense News, Jan 13, 2016

– Mr. President, Kill the New Cruise Missile, Perry & Weber, The Washington Post, Oct 15, 2015

– W80-4: Sandia California works on nuclear weapon Life Extension Program,, Oct 15, 2015

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Cruise Missiles - general information

GAM-77/AGM-28 Hound Dog Missile Historical Snapshot, (14 Jul 2016)

AGM-86 Conventional Air Launched Cruise Missile, (14 Jul 2016)

AGM-86 ALCM, (14 Jul 2016)

AGM-86B/C/D Missiles, U.S. Air Force, May 24,2010

AGM-86B ALCM Air-launched cruise missile, (14 Jul 2016)

AGM-86 Air-Launched Cruise Missile [ALCM], Federation of American Scientists, Aug 14, 2000

AGM-129 ACM Advanced Cruise Missile, (14 Jul 2016)

AGM-129 Advanced Cruise Missile [ACM], Weapons of Mass Destruction, (14 Jul 2016)

Cruise missile (AGM-129) career comes to close, Tinker Air Force Base, Apr 24, 2012

AGM-158A/-B (JASSM/JASSM-ER), (14 Jul 2016)

About the AGM-158 JASSM, Aeroweb, Oct 26, 2015

Lockheed Martin AGM-158 JASSM, Directory of US Military Rockets and Missiles, (14 Jul 2016)

AGM-158 JASSM (Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile), United States of America, (14 Jul 2016)

AGM-158 Joint Air to Surface Standoff Missile (JASSM), Federation of American Scientists,- Feb 17, 2015

AGM-158 JASSM: Lockheed’s Family of Stealthy Cruise Missiles, Defense Industry Daily, Mar 7, 2016

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A few photos


Hound Dog AGM-28 on display at the National Museum of Nuclear Science & History, Albuquerque, NM, photo: Los Alamos Study Group


An AGM-86 air-launched cruise missile in flight (1980), (14 Jul 2016)


DAYTON, Ohio -- General Dynamics AGM-129A Advanced Cruise Missile (ACM) at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)


USAF AGM-158, JASSM-ER missile, (14 Jul 2016)

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Hans Kristensen, Federation of American Scientists

– Questions about the Nuclear Cruise Missile Mission, Mar 25, 2016

– Forget LRSO; JASSM-ER Can Do the Job, Dec 16, 2015

– LRSO: The Nuclear Cruise Missile Mission, Oct 20, 2015 (updated Jan 26, 2016)

– W80-1 Warhead Selected For New Nuclear Cruise Missile, Oct 10, 2014

– B-2 Stealth Bomber To Carry New Nuclear Cruise Missile, Apr 22, 2013

– US Air Force Decides to Retire Advanced Cruise Missile, Mar 7, 2007

Other resources

– House Strategic Forces Subcommittee Hearing on President Obama's Nuclear Deterrent Modernization Plans & Budgets: The Military Requirements, Jul 14, 2016

– Senate Energy & Water Subcommittee Hearing to Review Budget Requirements & Justification for the Nuclear Cruise Missile, Jul 13, 2016

– Letters from Congress to the Administration for and against cutting the LRSO & other possible last-minute Administration initiatives in nuclear weapons policy

– Milestone Overview, (accessed: Jul 14, 2016)

– Rep. Mike Quigley, Illinois, introduced an amendment to the DoD Appropriations Act 2017 to reduce funding for the Long Range Standoff Weapon (LRSO) by $75,802,000 and to apply the savings to the spending reduction account, Jun 15, 2016
      – Quigley amendment failed by recorded vote 159 - 261, Jun 16, 2016
      – Text of Quigley amendment & discussion

 “U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces: Background, Developments, and Issues,” Congressional Research Service, Federation of American Scientists, pp 32-34, Mar 10, 2016

 “Report to Congress on the Number of LRSO,” Union of Concerned Scientists, Mar 07, 2016

– “The New Nuclear-Armed Cruise Missile. Unneeded and Destabilizing," Union of Concerned Scientists, Feb 2016

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